state


state
1 /steIt/ noun
1 CONDITION (C) the mental, emotional, or physical condition that someone or something is in at a particular time: Frankly I wouldn't trust his emotional state right now. | Water exists in three states: liquid, gaseous, and solid. | in a bad/good etc state: The roads are in a terrible state after the severe winter weather.
(+ of): The driver was in a state of shock. | not in a fit state to do sth (=not healthy enough or in a good enough condition): David's in no fit state to go out yet. | state of mind (=the way you feel): Ames' dismissal had left him in a distressed state of mind. | be in a good/bad state of repair (=not need repairing, or need repairing): The house we're buying is in a good state of repair. | a state of war (=officially fighting another country) —see also: state of emergency
2 GOVERNMENT also State (singular, uncountable) the government or political organization of a country: If elected, they want to cut back the powers of the state. | The State has allocated special funds for the emergency. | state employees/property/regulations etc: limits on salary increases for state workers | state-owned/state-funded/state-subsidized etc (=owned, paid for etc by the government): a state-funded community housing project | matters of state (=the business of the government)
—see also: police state, welfare state, —see race 1
3 A COUNTRY (C) a country considered as a political organization: democratic/totalitarian/one-party state (=with that type of government) | member state (=a country belonging to an international organization): NATO's member states
—see race 1
4 PART OF A COUNTRY also State (C) one of the areas with limited law-making powers that together make up a country controlled by a central government: Queensland is one of the states of Australia.
5 CEREMONY (U) the grand, official ceremonies and events connected with governments and rulers: state visit (=official visit to another country): the President's state visit to Moscow | state occasions (=special public events): Their band often plays at the White House on state occasions. | in state (=with a lot of comfort and public attention): The empress travelled in state with all her ladies.
—see also: lie in state lie 1 (12)
6 the States spoken a word meaning the US, used especially by someone when they are outside the US: Which part of the States would you suggest I should visit?
7 be in a state/get into a state spoken to be or become very nervous, anxious, or excited: Mom and Dad were in a state when I didn't come home until very late.
8 state of affairs a situation: I must say this is a very unsatisfactory state of affairs.
9 the state of play
a) the position reached in an activity or process that has not finished yet: What is the state of play in the current negotiations?
b) the score points that have been gained at one time in a sports game
2 verb (T)
1 to formally give a piece of information or your opinion, especially by saying it clearly: Please state your name and address. | The Government needs to clearly state its policy on UN intervention.
(+ (that)): The witness stated that he had not seen the woman before. | state the obvious (=say something that is completely unnecessary because it is already clear)
2 if a document, newspaper, ticket etc states information, it contains the information written clearly: The price of the tickets is stated on them.

Longman dictionary of contemporary English. 2004.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • state — state, the state The state is a distinct set of institutions that has the authority to make the rules which govern society . It has, in the words of Max Weber, a ‘monopoly on legitimate violence’ within a specific territory. Hence, the state… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • State — (st[=a]t), n. [OE. stat, OF. estat, F. [ e]tat, fr. L. status a standing, position, fr. stare, statum, to stand. See {Stand}, and cf. {Estate}, {Status}.] 1. The circumstances or condition of a being or thing at any given time. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • state — [steɪt] noun 1. [countable usually singular] the condition that someone or something is in at a particular time: • The property market is in a poor state. • I personally think the economy is in a worse state than the Government has been admitting …   Financial and business terms

  • state — n often attrib 1 a: a politically organized body of people usu. occupying a definite territory; esp: one that is sovereign b: the political organization that has supreme civil authority and political power and serves as the basis of government… …   Law dictionary

  • state — [stāt] n. [ME < OFr & L: OFr estat < L status, state, position, standing < pp. of stare, to STAND] 1. a set of circumstances or attributes characterizing a person or thing at a given time; way or form of being; condition [a state of… …   English World dictionary

  • state — state; state·hood; state·less; state·less·ness; state·let; state·li·ly; state·li·ness; state·sid·er; su·per·state; tung·state; un·state; mi·cro·state; mini·state; in·ter·state; state·ly; state·ment; …   English syllables

  • state — ► NOUN 1) the condition of someone or something at a particular time. 2) a nation or territory considered as an organized political community under one government. 3) a community or area forming part of a federal republic. 4) (the States) the… …   English terms dictionary

  • state — It is usual to spell it with a capital initial letter when it refers to political entities, either nations (The State of Israel / a State visit), or parts of a federal nation (the State of Virginia / crossing the State border), and when it means… …   Modern English usage

  • State — State, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Stated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Stating}.] 1. To set; to settle; to establish. [R.] [1913 Webster] I myself, though meanest stated, And in court now almost hated. Wither. [1913 Webster] Who calls the council, states the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • state — [n1] condition or mode of being accompaniment, attitude, capacity, case, category, chances, character, circumstance, circumstances, contingency, element, environment, essential, estate, event, eventuality, fix, footing, form, frame of mind, humor …   New thesaurus

  • State — (st[=a]t), a. 1. Stately. [Obs.] Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. Belonging to the state, or body politic; public. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English